Sedation is a relaxed, calm or tranquil state induced after the administration of drugs. When a dog is sedated, he becomes more docile and can easily be handled, making it less stressful for the dog when procedures like grooming and veterinary examinations are being done.
Without sedation, stressful situations can lead to restlessness, and when a dog is restless it is more prone to hurt itself, not eat, hide and hurt or bite other people and animals. Method 1 Using Prescription MedicationsUnderstand that you must get a prescription for sedative drugs.
The drugs used to sedate a dog are very effective, so they require a prescription from a veterinarian and can only be administered by a veterinarian. The two most common drugs used by veterinariansto calm dogs are acepromazine (PromAce), and diazepam (Valium).
These drugs block certain signals in the CNS or central nervous system making the animal calm or sedated. Give your dog Acepromazine (PromAce).
Acepromazine is used to calm fractious or aggressive animals. It alleviates itching, and also has anti-emetic properties (prevents vomiting), making it ideal for animals thatare being transported long distances.
Consider giving your dog Diazepam (Valium). Diazepam is also a sedative which has muscle relaxant properties, appetite stimulating properties, and anti-convulsant properties, making it ideal for dogs with seizure and appetite problems.
Method to Calming Your Dog without Medication Make sure your dog gets plenty of exercises.
Many experts on dog behavior recommend that a dog is exercised before traveling, or before being engaged in any activity that might get the dog restless and agitated. A well-exercised dog will be very inclined to rest because it has burned off its excess energy. Therefore, it’s a good idea to schedule brisk 30-minute walk before taking off.
Bring your dog’s favorite toys, blanket or rug when traveling. Your dog’s favorite blanket or toys contain a lot of familiar scents and will reduce anxiety when the dog is brought to an unfamiliar place.
Do this by placing a few drops of lavender oil on your hands and massaging the dog at the back of its head, or the base of the spine. Lavender oil has a calming scent and is used in spas for humans. Use products that contain appeasing pheromones. Studies have shown that pheromones are present in all mammals during the nursing stage. In dogs, this is the hormone secreted by the puppies’ mother, so when the puppies smell this hormone, it calms them and reassures them that mom is around.
Examples of products that contain this hormone: Adaptil collar and spray, Sentry Calming Collar, and Comfort Zone Diffuser withDog Appeasing Pheromone.
These products are very easy to use, the collars are only placed on the dog’s neck to provide a sustained release of the pheromone which lasts for a month.
For products like the diffuser, it is simply plugged into a socket, and the pheromone is slowly and continuously released for a month.
This type of product is ideal for rooms.
Spray preparations can be used to spray cages, cars, or any carrier where the dog is placed. Use melatonin supplements. Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland. It is a sleeping hormone that causesthe animal to have a good rest at night.
It has a seasonal variation in animals and humans, increasing when there are fewer hours of daylight in winter. Melatonin has properties, anti-convulsant properties, regulates body rhythms and reproductive cycles.
It is mainly used in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs, and other stressful or frightening conditions like noise anxieties brought about by fireworks or thunder storms. Give this drug to your dog before traveling or before introducing your dog to a potentially frightening situation.
An example of a productcontaining Melatonin is K9 Choice Melatonin 3 mg tablets. The dose is 3 mg for every 35 to 100 pounds body weight, twice a day. For smaller dogs below 35 pounds, the dose is 1.5 mg of melatonin, and for larger dogs greater than 100 pounds the dose is 6 mg twice times a day.
Try calming herbal agents.
Herbal pills and oils prepared specifically for dogs are commercially available; examples include Dorwest Herbs ™ Scullcap and Valerian tablets.
This herbal medicine preparation can be used for the relief of anxiety, restlessness, excitability, and travel behavioral problems, and can even be used as a supporting supplement for epilepsy.
It has been-been proven effective in dogs with noise phobias, travel anxiety, and hyper activity.
Skullcap and Valerian Tablets are safe to forlong term and short term use and can be given from 2 months of age onwards.
The dose for Dorwest Herbs Scull cap and Valerian tablets is 1 to 2 tablets per 5 kg of body weight daily.
For one off occasions, use two tablets per 5kg of body weight 12 hours before and again 2 hours before the desired effect is required.
Note: Not recommended for pregnant or lactating females.
Vetzyme Stay Calm Liquid : this herbal oil is composed of a unique blend of Chamomile and Ginger oils. Research has shown that these two herbs possess calming, soothing, and relaxing properties. The dose is at 2.5ml of the oil mixed into the dog’s food daily.